Research done by Chris
All that matters to end users is what they see on the screen. Before a site goes live, the company must play the role of a scrutinizing critic, checking how it looks and functions.
After all, front-end testing is the secret ingredient to serve up an impeccable graphical user interface (GUI). But what is there to know about this testing process?
In this blog, we will cover the basics of front-end testing and how it can help optimize web development.
What Is Front-End Testing?
Front-end testing involves validating the graphical interface of websites or mobile applications to ensure a seamless user experience. It focuses on evaluating features, checking for bugs or errors, and assessing the functionality and usability of online applications.
Conducting front-end testing ensures the look and feel align with user requirements and verifies the correct functioning of essential features, such as adding items to a shopping cart. Hence, it plays a crucial role in delivering high-quality digital products and should always be part of the development process.
8 Types of Front-End Testing Process
There are several testing approaches you can do when it comes to the front end. Each approach has its own purpose and objectives. So, it’s important to know which ones will best suit your web development project.
Here are some of the most common types of front-end testing:
1. Unit testing
Every code bit should function independently. A unit is the smallest testable part of the software. Unit tests are the lowest-level testing among different types.
Testers check individual components of software or application, usually with one or more inputs and a single output. A unit test ensures that the code works as expected before building bigger features. It includes calculations and input validations.
2. Visual regression testing
When there are system changes, regression testing ensures they don’t conflict with existing functionality or code architecture. Visual regression tests involve capturing and using test files and comparing UI screenshots to detect any differences.
In visual regression testing, testers use image comparison tools to detect differences. Also known as visual snapshot tests, this is conducted in the final stages of building something new.
3. Cross-browser testing
Cross-browser compatibility testing is a must for front-end testing. It ensures that a website works how it’s supposed to on multiple browsers, devices, and operating systems.
It’s all about delivering seamless user experiences and ensuring flawless application performance across multiple platforms. From compatibility testing on various device-OS combinations to implementing responsive design, every detail matters to create an exceptional user journey.
4. Integration testing
Integration testing makes sure that different software units or modules play nicely together, checking if they communicate well and can catch any errors that may pop up. It looks at how systems with multiple connected elements behave. These tests come after unit tests.
Integration tests ensure effective communication between the UI and API, enhancing the user experience. It also validates the interaction between microservices for smooth functioning and inter-dependability. Overall, integration testing checks that the application interface and API exchange data optimally.
5. Performance testing
Site or application performance is crucial in technical culture. Performance testing assesses product stability, responsiveness, and speed. It also evaluates device performance in various conditions.
Many plug-and-play tools are available for performance testing, some allowing customization of test execution. Determining application performance is always a part of the development process, and it can be done using user-friendly and readily available tools.
6. Acceptance testing
Acceptance testing determines if a software system meets predetermined specifications. It evaluates compliance with business, technical, and aesthetic requirements to satisfy stakeholders and end-users.
Acceptance tests include User Acceptance Testing and Business Acceptance Testing. The former checks performance standards from the users’ perspective, while the latter ensures alignment with business goals.
7. Accessibility testing
Accessibility Testing is a technique that checks if all internet users, including those with disabilities or special needs, can easily access a website or app.
Doing this ensures that specific conditions don’t prevent anyone from accessing online resources quickly. The main task is to test scripts to determine compatibility with tools like screen readers, ensuring accessibility for all.
8. End-to-end testing
End-to-end testing makes sure that the application performs as expected in all scenarios. It’s also helpful in finding system dependencies and resolving any setup or system-related issues. This ensures a smooth flow of the application from start to finish. End-to-end tests help maintain data integrity between systems and components. Additionally, it helps identify system dependencies and allows testers to fix any setup or system-related issues.
Manual Testing vs. Automation Testing
When it comes to testing, whether you prefer manual tests or automated testing really depends on what you want to achieve.
Manual tests help identify issues in test cases that are not visible or repeatable, while automated testing is faster and more accurate for repetitive tasks. However, manual testing is often more cost-efficient and can be used to identify user experience issues.
Running tests for your front-end development can take a long time, so manual testing is not always the best option. Test automation is the process of testing various parts of new software with little to no human involvement. Essentially, it ensures every aspect of a software design works without a human sitting in front of a computer devoting hours to manual tests.
Either way, it’s all about determining the right combination of automated front-end tests that works for you and your project. For example, you may decide to have unit tests automated but visual regression and acceptance tests done manually. This way, you can control quality while saving time and resources.
|Price||Free / Premium||Free||Free||Free|
|Interface||Has a GUI and CLI||No GUI, uses CLI instead||No GUI, uses CLI instead||Uses CLI but runs the test on a browser|
|Dashboard and Reports||Has a dashboard to see recorded tests and details of the events during execution.||No dashboard||No dashboard||No dashboard|
|Supported Testing Methods||End-to-End Testing, Integration Testing, Unit Testing||Unit Testing||More on UI Testing||End-to-End Testing, Integration Testing, Unit Testing|
|Supports recording?||Can record tests run for review||No||Uses the Chrome DevTools to record Puppeteer scripts by recording the actions you do in your Chrome browser||Uses the Chrome DevTools to record and generate scripts|
|Supports parallel testing||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Integration||Gitlab, Github, Bitbucket, Slack, and Jira||Need to install additional library to integrate cloud services and tools||Need to install additional library to integrate cloud services and tools||Need to install additional library to integrate cloud services and tools|
5 Tips for Better Frontend Testing
Even with access to automated front-end testing tools, there are still a few tips and tricks that can help you get the most out of your tests.
Here are a few tips for better front-end testing:
Plot the coverage of your tests
Before diving into testing, create a well-defined test plan that outlines the scope and objectives of your testing efforts. Identify critical functionalities and prioritize them based on their impact and frequency of use. This will help you focus your testing efforts and ensure you cover your front-end application’s most important aspects.
Use automated testing tools
Leverage automation tools and frameworks like Cypress to automate repetitive and time-consuming testing tasks. Automation allows you to execute tests more quickly, repeatedly, and accurately. It also frees up your time to focus on more complex scenarios and exploratory testing.
Test across multiple devices
Front-end applications need to be compatible with various browsers, devices, and screen sizes. It’s crucial to perform cross-browser and cross-device testing to ensure consistent functionality and appearance across different platforms. Use browser testing tools like BrowserStack or Sauce Labs to test your application on multiple environments easily.
Implement continuous integration and deployment
Integrate your testing process with a continuous integration and deployment (CI/CD) testing pipeline. This ensures that tests are run automatically whenever new code changes are introduced. CI/CD helps catch issues early in the development process and facilitates faster feedback cycles. It also promotes collaboration between developers and testers, leading to better code quality.
Consider outsourcing companies
If you have little to no experience in front-end web testing, you may want to consider outsourcing companies that specialize in automated testing. They can help set up a comprehensive test strategy for your application and provide valuable insights into the testing process. This way, you can have peace of mind knowing that everything is taken care of while saving time and resources.
Remember, successful front-end testing requires a combination of thorough planning, efficient tools, comprehensive coverage, and a focus on both functional and non-functional aspects of your application.
Cypress offers a robust framework that we think would be helpful for test automation. Although it has some limitations and mishaps that other frameworks offer, like the Safari browser support or support for other programming languages, it still has more to offer than the others.
Need Front-End Development Services?
In today’s world, it’s important to have a website that is optimized for both mobile and desktop users. If you need help optimizing your website or developing a new one from scratch, look no further than our front-end development from StarTechUP.
With decades of experience building websites with modern technologies like React and Angular, our team can provide you with the best web development services available. We are committed to delivering the highest quality products while staying up-to-date with the latest trends in web development.
Contact us today and let us help you create a website that will drive more traffic and leads for your business!